Self-esteem is a feeling on the value, price or benefits of self-confidence that comes from a positive or negative an individual's abilities and become valuable (Fortinash et al, 1999).
According to Stuart and Laraia (2005), self-esteem is a personal assessment of the results to be achieved by analyzing how far the ideal self-fulfilling behavior.
Frequency achievement will result in low self-esteem or high self-esteem. If successful then the individual is always self-esteem tend to be high. If individuals often fail the self-esteem tend to be low (Keliat, 1992). A person with high self-esteem can accept others, without anxiety or fear expression and function effectively in the social environment.
Self-esteem is earned from yourself and others. The main aspect is loved and received the respect of others. Self-esteem will be low if the lost love and a person to lose the respect of others. (Stuart and Laraia, 2005). Low self-esteem can be: self-criticism, feelings of inadequacy, guilt, irritability, pessimism, associated disturbances (isolation or withdrawal) and self-destructive. (Kelliat, 1992).
Families and communities is a set of standards used by someone who will evaluate itself. (Potter and Perry, 1997).
Family as the primary support system to help a person improve his self-esteem. Family and social support systems can help improve a person's self esteem by:
- Provide an opportunity to express feelings.
- Emphasizing the importance of the client.
- Helping to open negative feelings.
- Giving feedback behavior.
- Gives a sense of trust and confidence.
- Give the information required.
- Acting as defense counsel.
- Support varied: money, physical help, material and tanggunga answer.
- Appreciate the personal assessment that matches the event.
Low self-esteem can result from various factors, including a physical appearance or weight, socioeconomic status, or peer pressure or bullying.
Low self-esteem occasionally leads to suicidal ideation and behaviour. These can include self-imposed isolation, feelings of rejection, dejection, insignificance, and detachment, and increased dissatisfaction with current social relationships. A lack of social support from peers or family tends to create or exacerbate stress on an individual, which can lead to an inability to adjust to current circumstances. Drug abuse and forms of delinquency are common side effects of low self-esteem.
A person with low self-esteem may show some of the following characteristics:
- Heavy self-criticism and dissatisfaction.
- Hypersensitivity to criticism with resentment against critics and feelings of being attacked.
- Chronic indecision and an exaggerated fear of mistakes.
- Excessive will to please and unwillingness to displease any petitioner.
- Perfectionism, which can lead to frustration when perfection is not achieved.
- Neurotic guilt, dwelling on and exaggerating the magnitude of past mistakes.
- Floating hostility and general defensiveness and irritability without any proximate cause.
- Pessimism and a general negative outlook.
- Envy, invidiousness, or general resentment.